Paul Romer publica un ensayo en el Center for Global Development exponiendo sus ideas sobre las "ciudades charter": Technologies, Rules, and Progress: The Case for Charter Cities
Contiene pasajes muy interesantes sobre la mejor meta-regla para diseñar nuevas reglas: el voto con los pies, la opción salirse ("opt out") o entrar voluntariamente en un sistema ("opt in").
Meta-rules are rules about rules. They determine how we go about changing our rules. The kind of meta-rules that we most often think about are standard political systems that fall on a continuum between something like democracy and something like authoritarian decision-making. Democratic meta-rules require some form of voting, perhaps by referendum or a representative body, to change the rules. Under more authoritarian meta-rules, a rule change may require the approval only of an executive.
In evaluating meta-rules, we need to be open-minded and look at a broad range of alternatives. One that is little used now, but that could be revived, involves designing entirely new systems and letting people who want to try the new system opt into it. Historically, the ability to move between countries in search of better opportunities—to vote with one’s feet—was a powerful force for progress. While modern globalization offers greater mobility of capital, goods, services, and ideas, restrictions on the mobility of people keep many people from leaving bad systems of rules for better ones. Moving forward, the effort to create new places with good rules and let people opt in could offer an important supplement to familiar democratic or authoritarian mechanisms for changing the rules.
Así surge su propuesta de "ciudades charter":